The RSC style is a numeric system used by authors in all of the Royal Society of Chemistry's publications. This referencing guide is to be used in conjunction with the Library's General guide to citing and referencing.
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EndNote users can format their references using the Royal Society of Chemistry style file available in EndNote online/desktop.
INITIALS. Author’s Surname, Book Title, Publisher, Place of publication, Edition (if not first), Year.
- When a book has editors instead of authors:
Title, ed. INITIALS. Editor’s surname, Publisher, Place of publication, Edition (if not the first), Year.
- When a book is usually known by its title (no authors/editors):
Book Title, Publisher, Place of publication, Edition (if not first), Year.
INITIALS. Author’s Surname, in Book Title, ed. Editor Name(s), Publisher, Place of publication, Edition (if not first), Year, Chapter, Pages.
Note: The 'ed.' in the example above stands for 'edited by' - this remains the same even if there are several editors. If the book has no editors this can be left out.
- If the conference proceedings have a named editor, use the same format as a chapter in an edited book:
INITIALS. Author of paper's Surname, in Proceedings Title, ed. INITIALS. Editor's Surname, Publisher, Place of Publication, Year, Pages.
- For published conference proceedings that don't have a named editor, use the same format as a book:
INITIALS. Author of paper's Surname, Proceedings Title, Publisher, Place of Publication, Year.
- For material presented at a meeting, congress or before a Society, etc., but not published, the following form is used:
INITIALS. Name, presented in part at Conference Title, Place, Month, Year.
Give an abbreviated version of the journal title following the recommendations given in the Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index (CASSI): http://cassi.cas.org/search.jsp. If you cannot find a recognised abbreviation for a journal, use its full title instead.
INITIALS. Author's Surname, Journal Title (abbr), Year, Volume, Pages.
- When page numbers are not yet known, articles should be cited by DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
- For material accepted for publication, but not yet published, the following form is used:
- For material submitted for publication but not yet accepted, the following form is used:
INITIALS. Lecturer's Surname, Unit name/Unit code/lecture title, Institution, unpublished, Year.
Please note that the format for lecture notes has been adapted for RSC style by the University of Bath Library.
Patent country (abbr), Patent number, Year.
Please note that the format for patents has been adapted to match the output style in EndNote.
INITIALS, Author's Surname, Title, Department/Division Report Number, Publisher, Place of Publication, Year.
Creator, Software Name (version), Publisher, Place of Publication, Year.
INITIALS. Author's Surname, Designation type, Name of Institution, Year.
For personal communications, the following is used:
For material that has yet to be submitted for publication:
References to unpublished work should not be made without the permission of those by whom the work was performed.
Title of webpage, URL, (date accessed).
Note: Online equivalents of printed books and journal articles are referenced as if they were print books/articles (look for page numbers).
RSC is a numeric style, where citations are given within the text as superscripted.1 In-text numbers are matched to an entry in the Reference List. Usually the citation should appear at the end of the sentence (after the punctuation), but can be after the relevant word or compound.
Elemental hydrogen is rarely found on earth as it is light enough to avoid gravity and move into space. It is predominantly found bonded to other elements e.g. in water and hydrocarbons.1
1. A. Burrows, J. Holman, A. Parsons, G. Pilling and G. Price, Chemistry³, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2nd edn, 2013.
Once a source has been cited, the same number is re-used for all subsequent citations to the same source.
If you have two citations,1,2 or if you have more and the numbers aren't consecutive, use a comma and no space to separate them.3,5,7 If you have more than two numbers and they are consecutive, use an en-dash.8-10
Authors can be mentioned in the text. If a paper has three or more authors, only give the first one followed by et al. For example:
Smith and Jones used this method for the first time.2
Plata et al. determined that...3
Make sure to cite all authors in your reference list.
At the end of your document, list all the source that you have cited in your reference list. The names and initials of all authors are always given in the reference list, and must not be replaced by the phrase et al.
The references are listed in numerical order, according to the order of citations in the text, not alphabetically.