Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
library logo banner

Open Access: Meeting funder requirements

Funder Requirements Overview

Funder requirements

Researchers are required to openly publish any peer-reviewed research papers which acknowledge Research Council funding. The Research Councils' open access policy supports both the paid and self-archiving routes to open access.

Paid route (gold):

  • The Research Councils have expressed a preference for making research outputs which they have funded immediately open.
  • This route will likely incur a charge from the publisher. The University has been given a grant to cover these costs.
  • In order for authors to make use of the grant, the publisher must provide unrestricted access to the final published version of the work on its website and apply a CC-BY licence to it (see our OA Licensing tab for further information about Creative Commons licences).
  • Please see our pages about using the UKRI block grant to pay these open access fees for further information.

Self-archiving route (green):

  • The author accepted manuscript (AAM) must be deposited in a repository like Pure and made openly available within specified embargo periods.
  • For AHRC and ESRC funded research the maximum embargo period is 12 months.
  • For all other Research Councils the maximum embargo period is 6 months.
  • However EPSRC state that if the gold route is offered by the journal but funds are not available to pay the article processing charges then the maximum permitted embargo period for articles is twelve months.
  • Additionally, BBSRC and MRC papers must be deposited in Europe PubMed Central.
  • If your journal does not allow the deposit of the AAM in a repository or the embargo period exceeds the maxima then paying for the paper to be made open is your next option.

To find out more about the individual Research Councils and their open access policies please visit their individual websites: AHRC, BBSRC, EPSRC, ESRC, MRC, NERC, and STFC. Papers funded wholly by Innovate UK do not fall under the Research Councils' open access policy.

 

 

     

If you are funded by Wellcome Trust, the British Heart Foundation, Bloodwise, Versus Arthritis, Cancer Research UK, or Parkinson's UK you will need to arrange for any published research which acknowledges their support to be made openly available.

  • The above charities, which formerly comprised the Charities Open Access Fund (COAF), all have a preference for immediate open access via the gold (paid-for) route. 
  • If you have been funded by one of the above charities, please see our relevant open access funding page to find out more about paying your APC.
  • All the above charities expect that the research will also be made available via PubMed Central and Europe PubMed Central. 
  • The British Heart Foundation, Bloodwise, Versus Arthritis, Cancer Research UK, or Parkinson's UK require that the final published version be deposited in Europe PubMed Central within 6 months of the publication date. If you decide to follow this route and not pay for immediate open access then you will still be considered compliant.
  • The Wellcome Trust's open access policy is aligned with Plan S.  It requires the final published version of original, peer-reviewed research articles to be made available immediately on publication through Europe PubMed Central with a CC-BY licence (unless Wellcome have agreed, as an exception, to allow publication under a CC BY-ND licence). 
  • Funding is available from Wellcome to pay 'fair and reasonable' APCs in fully open access journals or platforms which are indexed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (opens in a new tab), and journals which are part of an open access transformative agreement (see our 'Paying for Open Access' pages for a list of these and further information). APCs in other subscription journals will not normally be funded.
  • Authors following the green (self-archiving) route to open access must make their accepted manuscript open access via a repository immediately on publication with a CC-BY licence. 
  • Please note that Wellcome grant-holders must include the following statement on all submissions of original research to peer-reviewed journals:
  • 'This research was funded in whole, or in part, by the Wellcome Trust [Grant number]. For the purpose of Open Access, the author has applied a CC BY public copyright licence to any Author Accepted Manuscript version arising from this submission.'
  • Where there are multiple funders involved, all research articles supported in whole, or in part, by Wellcome must be compliant with this policy.
  • Please use the Plan S Journal Checker tool to establish the open access options for your chosen journal. 
  • Monographs and book chapters must be made available through PMC Bookshelf and Europe PMC with a maximum embargo of six months. This will not change on 1 January 2021.

Please note: each of the funding organisations has its own specific Open Access policy which can be found by following the links at the top of this tab.

Wellcome have announced that their open access policy will be changing from 1 January 2021 so that it is in full alignment with Plan S. Until 2021, researchers and institutions must comply with the current OA policy. The Trust has produced a set of FAQs to help clarify the changes.

European Research Council (ERC)

The ERC supports open access and promotes the basic principle of open access to research data.

Please visit their open access page for an overview of the requirements that apply to ERC grants. Depending on the type of grant and under what work programme it was awarded, different rules relating to open access and research data apply.


Horizon 2020 (2014-2020)

Horizon 2020 grant holders are expected to make all peer-reviewed publications relating to their funding openly available:

  • You are required to upload a copy of the Author’s Accepted Manuscript (AAM) to a repository, such as Pure. Acceptable embargo lengths are 6 months for scientific papers, and 12 months for social science and humanities papers. This must be done as soon as possible and at the latest upon publication.
  • Horizon 2020 has provided an addendum which can be added to publishing agreements which ensures authors have the rights they need to comply.
  • Paying to make your paper openly available is also acceptable and the cost can be reimbursed by Horizon 2020 if it arises during the duration of the grant. For guidance please get in touch with the Open Access Team. The article must still be uploaded to an appropriate repository.
  • Beneficiaries must aim to deposit at the same time as the publication the research data needed to validate the results presented in the deposited scientific publications ('underlying data') ideally in a data repository.

FP7 (2007-2013)

If you were awarded a FP7 grant then it is expected that you should upload the AAM to an online repository like Pure. Authors are expected to make their best effort to ensure open access to these articles within 6 months (for health, energy, environment, information and communication technologies, research infrastructures papers) or 12 months (for science in society, socioeconomic sciences and humanities papers) after publication.

Paying to make your paper open is acceptable. Funding for these costs was available via the FP7 post-grant open access pilot until February 2018.

National Institutes of Health (US)

Researchers funded by NIH are required to submit their author accepted manuscript (AAM) to the NIH Manuscript Submission System (NIHMS) immediately upon acceptance for publication. If your publisher does not automatically deposit the final published version in PubMed Central, then you must ensure this happens no later than 12 months after the official date of publication.

Please see our funding pages for more information about paying open access charges if you are funded by the NIH.


Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

All peer-reviewed publications arising from funding, either whole or in part, should be made openly available immediately with a CC-BY licence. Underlying data should also be made accessible and open immediately. The Foundation has selected PubMed Central as its publication repository and will work directly with publishers and PubMed Central to ensure that articles are deposited on the author’s behalf.
 
Please see our funding pages for more information about paying open access charges if you are funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Marie Curie

Marie Curie is committed to ensuring that the results of its research funding are available as freely and widely as possible and has made this a condition of its funding arrangements.  This applies to researchers at Marie Curie’s Research Centres and Hospices, and those funded through Marie Curie’s open and competitive grant funding streams. Electronic copies of publications (peer-reviewed, original research reports and systematic reviews that have been supported wholly or partly by Marie Curie) should be made available through Europe PubMed Central (Europe PMC) as soon as possible and in any event within 6 months of the date of publication. The policy does not apply to book chapters, editorials, opinion pieces or conference proceedings.  Authors must ensure that funding from Marie Curie and any co-funders is acknowledged and the grant reference number is included.

Many journals will deposit the final published version of the article on behalf of the authors directly into Europe PMC, to be made freely available immediately on publication (gold open access). Journals charge an article processing charge (APC) for this option and Marie Curie we will consider payment of the fee.  Alternatively, the journal (or the author) may deposit the final, peer-reviewed manuscript in Europe PMC to be made freely available after an embargo period (green open access). Usually no fee is charged for this service.  Marie Curie expects publishing costs to be budgeted for within a grant application, or unspent grant funds may be vired to cover open access costs from grants that are still active.  Open access publication fees can still be requested after the grant end date. 

Authors should contact Marie Curie at the time of acceptance to a journal to request the funding.  You need to submit a draft copy of the paper containing details of author(s), title, abstract, acknowledgement and full text, if possible. If approved, Marie Curie asks that the institution pays the APC in the first instance, and then invoices Marie Curie. The invoice will be processed when the Marie Curie Research Management Team verifies that the article has been made fully open access.  Contact for queries: research.info@mariecurie.org.uk

Please see our funding pages for more information about paying open access charges if you are funded by Marie Curie


National Institute for Health Research (UK)

Papers funded in whole or in part by the NIHR must meet the NIHR’s open access requirements.

The NIHR open access policy applies to peer-reviewed research articles, including review articles not commissioned by publishers, final reports and executive summaries.  It does not apply to editorials, letters, commissioned reviews, scholarly monographs, conference proceedings or book chapters.

NIHR-funded researchers must publish their main study findings in a peer-reviewed, fully open access journal under the Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC-BY).

This has been interpreted by some NIHR research centres to mean that the ‘one main research article’ per NIHR grant should be made gold OA with a CC-BY licence.  However, this has not been made explicit in the NIHR’s guidance so researchers are encouraged to seek guidance from the funder.

In addition, a copy of the final manuscript of any research papers supported in whole or in part by the NIHR should be deposited with Europe PMC upon acceptance for publication, to be made freely available as soon as possible and in any event within six months of the journal publisher’s official date of final publication.

There are two routes to complying with the policy:

Green open access

With the exception of your main study findings, if you are publishing in a subscription journal, provided that the journal's embargo on green open access is no longer than 6 months you can comply by uploading your final accepted manuscript to Europe PubMed Central, using Europe PMC plus. Papers should also be uploaded to Pure.

Gold open access

If you are publishing in a subscription journal with a gold open access option (known as a hybrid journal), or you are publishing in a fully open access journal, you can comply through gold open access with a CC-BY licence.

Open access funding

NIHR expects grant-holders to make provision for the cost of open access publishing in their grant applications, and if necessary, use any underspend on existing grants. If necessary, researchers may need to contact the awarding NIHR coordinating centre to discuss covering open access costs.

We can only pay open access charges for peer-reviewed research articles and uncommissioned reviews funded by NIHR where:

  • your chosen journal is included in one of our open access transformative agreements and you are the corresponding author.
  • the paper is eligible for funding from our UKR Research Councils (UKRI) block grant, our BHF fund.  NB: if your paper is jointly funded by either Wellcome or CRUK, you can apply direct to these charities for funding.

NIHR Researchers should note that there is no cost for publishing in one of the NIHR fully open access journals.

Please see our funding pages for more information about paying open access charges if you are funded by the NIHR.


The Academy of Medical Sciences

All peer-reviewed, original research publications should be made openly available immediately upon publication. If this is not possible, then they require that a copy of the article is uploaded to Europe PubMed Central within six months of publication. Where possible, awardees should seek to retain copyright and select a CC-BY licence.

Please see our funding pages for more information about paying open access charges if you are funded by the AMS.


Diabetes UK

Diabetes UK funded researchers are encouraged to make their published work openly available via the paid route. The final published articles should also be deposited in Europe PubMed Central within six months of the date of publication.

Please see our funding pages for more information about paying open access charges if you are funded by Diabetes UK.


Alzheimer's Research UK

Alzheimer's Research UK don’t currently have a formal open access policy. However, they do encourage grant holders to publish open access. In support of this, they are a founding partner of AMRC Open Research – an open access platform for rapid author-led publication and open peer review of research funded by AMRC member charities.

Please see our funding pages for more information about paying open access charges if you are funded by Alzheimer Research UK.


Alzheimer's Society

All peer-reviewed research publications, funded wholly or in part by the Alzheimer’s Society, must be deposited in Europe PubMed Central within six months of publication.

Please see our funding pages for more information about paying open access charges if you are funded by the Alzheimer's Society.


Leverhulme Trust

The Trust does not mandate open access publishing for it's funded researchers. It does however make provision for the cost of APCs.

Please see our funding pages for more information about paying open access charges if you are funded by the Leverhulme Foundation.